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Lighting Poles

Lighting poles, production purposes and why are they in our lives?

Light poles became common in every country in the 1930s, when power companies had a lot of energy at night and needed a nighttime base load for their thermal power plants. This method, which was seen as a solution to another problem, actually showed him how much man needs lighting poles in practice. This technology was the perfect solution for street and area lighting. It is a fact that we make our lives much easier with lighting poles, especially at night, in airport lighting, sports competitions, night drives, in short, everywhere in our lives. Lighting poles should not hinder the comfort and performance of the user. These lighting poles should be designed and constructed in such a way that they will not disturb the eyes of the workers and employees, but will illuminate the work area at a level that will not disturb the eyes of the workers and employees, in the airports, work areas such as mines, where the work is shown, and appeal to the eyes and comfort of the driver for driving on roads and highways, and provide benefits. The environmental impact of the lighting pole solution to be used for lighting should be carefully evaluated, and the design team should be committed to achieving an environmentally responsible solution. Every area where lighting is needed is unique. As a result, each area, associated mine or job site, and dedicated road for each drive will need a design solution suited to its specific level of illumination. The construction and design of a lighting pole should evaluate the lighting equipment it will use for itself, and it is necessary to study whether this design is suitable for the current desired lighting solution.

Lighting poles, dysfunctional and harmful?

Let's go to the beginning to get started. To the times when we burned fossil fuels while escaping the darkness of the night and trying to reach light and trust. That partly bright but dark period for civilization, which indirectly pollutes our atmosphere when we fill our lungs with that oxygen and pollution caused by fossil fuels. We are very lucky to have been added to these technologies with the developments in lighting technologies and the inventions of devices that have now started to serve as photocatalysts that produce hydrogen.

People have an innate fear of the dark. On the one hand, it is a fact that we see enlightenment as a symbol of civilization and security. However, at first the light poles were inefficient, so they used more energy. Light bulbs were products that were easy to use at that time, and energy saving was never studied. They were designed to provide a revenue stream for manufacturers, suppliers, and vendors. Cities were charged a flat rate, so there was no incentive to save. In the 1970s we had long ceased to have much energy to spend at night, but by that time municipalities were already spending a large part of their energy budgets on street lighting. Mankind succeeded in minimizing energy savings and maintenance costs after the light bulb technology, which developed over time, met with lighting poles. Then, the invention, dissemination, research and development phases of LED lights began. Cities around the world are now working to equip their streetlights with LED lights to further reduce the budget spent. The LED bulbs we use in our house consume between 2-17 watts of electricity. This corresponds to one-third of normal bulbs and one-third of energy-saving bulbs. Considering that LED bulbs last at least 3 times longer than energy-saving bulbs, we can say that these studies aiming at switching from normal bulbs in cities to LED are on point. After switching to LED bulbs over time, the technology of lighting poles, which will reduce all its damages to near zero, will continue to be with humanity as a highly functional invention in our life with confidence.
Streets, avenues and roads, lighting poles are at work for us and our loved ones.
What if there were no lighting poles? Think of the streets and roads you have passed. And the huge built highways with eight lanes connecting two big cities... Two headlights designed and placed as standard on the vehicles will not be enough to travel at night with the vehicle. When we have difficulty seeing the lanes and our surroundings, the probability of having an accident will increase. Of course, most of us have come across the roads that remain dark when there is maintenance or malfunction. Imagine that those times when the headlights we use were inadequate, when we had to travel by choice, became permanent. Fortunately, we did not experience the absence of lighting poles on the roads and highways as we are always with us. You need to see the road lanes clearly in order to act in accordance with the traffic flow and the road. It is the lampposts rather than the headlights we use that benefit this vision.
It is also very important to position the lighting fixture next to the selection in order to illuminate the streets, roads and pavements correctly. No matter how bright lamps are used, the desired performance cannot be achieved if the lighting fixtures are not properly positioned.
The height of the lighting pole to be used is directly related to the width of the area to be illuminated. 4.5-6 meters high lighting poles are used on pavements and bicycle paths. Lighting poles at a height of 8-10 meters are preferred in narrow streets and side roads. On wider streets, commercial and industrial areas, 10-12 meters high poles are used.
Inadequate height of the pole will cause very bright and very dark spots in the area to be illuminated.
The high distance between the poles in outdoor lighting projects means low cost due to the use of fewer poles and less lighting fixtures. The distance between the poles is related to the height of the lighting pole to be used. The higher the lighting pole, the greater the distance between the two poles. To give a general ratio in this regard, it would be appropriate to leave a distance of 2.5-3 times the height of the pole between the two poles. For example; In projects where 6 meters of lighting poles are used, a distance of 15-18 meters can be left between the poles.
If the distance between the poles is more than necessary, there will be dark areas between the two poles. When the distance between the poles is very low, very bright areas occur between the two poles.
The width of the area to be illuminated by the lighting fixture is roughly ais equal to the height of the lighting pole. That is, a 12-meter-high pole-mounted luminaire can illuminate a 12-meter-wide road (lane width 3-3.5 meters) or area.
On narrow streets, lighting from one side of the road is usually sufficient. On wider streets, it may be necessary to position the lighting poles on both sides of the road (opposite or shifted).
Factors such as speed limit, traffic density and crime rate, which determine the road lighting class, should be considered in determining the pole height and the distance between the poles. The total light output and light distribution of the lighting fixture should also be considered in determining the pole height.
It should be verified with the design programs that the combination of the lighting pole and the lighting fixture meets the standard requirements of road lighting, and the manufacture and construction should be done with competent manufacturers and companies.

The places where we obtain the raw material of every item we use, process it and make it ready for consumption, work areas.

Worksite lighting poles must provide optimum conditions for employees to work within the given area so that they can carry out their projects unhindered and safely. Lighting poles should be selected with the appropriate power for the area to be worked in to provide sufficient lighting and their design should be well positioned. The positioning of the luminaires attached to the lighting poles also has a great effect on the area lighting.

Installing and operating a lighting system that operates at a higher specification than necessary can result in undue cost. In some cases, considering the size of the work area, the lighting poles designed, built and used may be considered excessive and unnecessary. However, it is extremely necessary for the design process to consider the long-term expectations of the area to be illuminated in terms of its intended use. Thus, considering the area where more lighting may be needed in the future for the area to be studied, a solution is produced at the design stage for this area to be illuminated.

Planes and airports are our greatest travel convenience in our lives.

International airports cover several square kilometers and this huge area requires lighting. Lighting poles play a major role in the movement of these vehicles and the illumination of areas, where many human lives are at stake.
For many years airports used incandescent bulbs and metal form lamps, but increasingly all airports are now investing in LED lighting. These airports have discovered that energy consumption can be reduced by up to 70% by replacing conventional lighting fixtures in lighting poles with LED.
Installing lighting at an airport can be more complicated than you think. Especially when it comes to outdoor lighting, where numerous requirements have to be met. First of all, the air control tower and pilots cannot be exposed to light pollution, so the lighting must be designed in such a way that it does not disturb them. Apart from this, lighting poles cannot exceed a certain height. The lighting positioned inside the airport should contribute to guiding the airport passengers.

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